Frequently Asked Questions

What is a bare root rose?/What is a containerised rose?/Can roses be planted all year round?

A bare root rose is a rose plant lifted from the ground with no soil attached.  The roses go dormant for the winter months so can be lifted from the ground from late October through to late March.  This also applies to roses growing in your garden if you wish to move them you can do so during the winter months without causing any problems. (November-January).  Before despatch to customers the roses have the roots dipped in water and are then put in a plastic bag inside a paper sack and can then be sent to customers or collected from the nursery.  While the weather is cold they can be kept in a cool place like a shed or garage (not greenhouses which may heat up in the sun then cool again) for up to a month after they have been sent to you.  We say as long as you can dig the soil you can plant so the roses can be put in and be left to settle you do not need to worry that the weather is not suitable for planting.

A containerised rose is a bare root one which has been potted up (probably in December time) to extend the planting season.  These need to root up well in the pots before they can be planted out from late April onwards. (which is when they go on sale) They will come into flower at the same time as the bare root ones which were planted in the winter.  These can also be sent out to customers but the carriage is much more expensive as you have to factor in the weight of a pot full of soil, so while maybe not worth doing a large planting job they are very good for special gifts.

Can I plant roses all year round – YES – because you can plant bare root from end October through to mid/late April and containerised from late April to late September/mid October.

How soon will i receive my rose and when should it be planted

Orders for bare root roses can be placed with us from July onwards but the ‘bare root roses’ will not be sent out until late October/early November when they have been lifted from the field.  These early orders are sent in rotation of when they were received and this can take up to a month to be worked through.  After that orders that are received are dealt with almost immediately – they can be received by us (day 1), dealt with and processed, packed and collected by couriers (day 2) and received by customer (day 3).  The only days not despatched are weekends.

Standard roses can be despatched at this time of year, wrapped complete with a stake and tie and delivered in same time span.

Orders for containerised  roses can fit in the same time span from order to receipt (3 DAYS).

PLANTING OUT

If bare root roses are received in very cold weather when they are very dormant they can be kept (wrapped as when received) in a cool place for up to a month.  In warmer weather a fortnight would be fine but longer they should be opened, checked, maybe re-dipped in water and re-sealed.  If you know it will be a while before you can plant them out properly they would be best heeled in in a spare patch of soil.

Container roses obviously have no such hurry to be planted but they will need to be kept an eye on and watered daily if it is a hot period.

Standard roses cannot be despatched through the container months they have to be collected from the nursery.

Can i plant where roses have been before?/Use of bark chippings as a mulch

Roses should not be planted into soil where roses have been grown for 6 years or more.  To overcome this the best way is to change the soil to a depth of 48cm (18″) by replacing with soil from another part of the garden or importing soil.  Then prepare the bed as normal.  We would also recommend using a Mycorrhizal fungi product when planting instead of Bone meal or Blood Fish and Bone.  If you cannot get enough top soil then you can use 50% soil and 50% Rose, Tree and Shrub Compost.  We would still recommend that you feed as normal at the end of March and end of June.

The alternative to a soil change is sterilisation with a dilution of Jeyes Fluid at a ratio of 12 ml to 5 litres of water.  At approx 15-20 cm (6-8″) intervals to a depth of 35-45 cm (14-16″) make holes in the ground with a hoe handle or something similar.  Pour the solution into the holes allowing it to seep through the soil.  Leave for 6 weeks before preparing the bed prior to planting.  When planting we would recommend using a Mycorrhizal product instead of Bone Meal or Blood Fish and Bone  or use Rose, Tree and Shrub compost as described above.

BARK CHIPPINGS

To help suppress weeds you may wish to use a garden fleece membrane. To hide this you can use well-spent mushroom compost, or a soil improver (which we stock). Make sure whatever you obtain does not include any form of wood chipping or bark. It is our opinion that you should avoid any form of bark or wood chippings, as toxins in these can be extremely harmful to roses, causing sickness, dieback and possible death of the plants.

Opening hours - Saturday variations through the year

General Information and Hours

Below we list the Hours of Business for sales from the nursery and collection of orders. You are advised to contact us regarding opening hours over Religious and Bank Holidays.

Lunch Hours

We are officially closed during the week between 1pm-2pm, however most days a member of staff is available during this period to assist. A phone call in advance is advisable. If you wish to collect an order outside our advertised hours, special arrangements can be made.

Monthly Opening Times

January Mon-Fri 9.00am-1.00pm 2.00pm – 4.30pm Saturday CLOSED
Februrary Mon-Fri 9.00am-1.00pm 2.00pm – 4.30pm Saturday 9.00am – 12.00am
March Mon-Fri 9.00am-1.00pm 2.00pm – 4.30pm Saturday 9.00am – 4.00pm
April Mon-Fri 9.00am-1.00pm 2.00pm – 4.30pm Saturday 9.00am – 4.00pm
May Mon-Fri 9.00am-1.00pm 2.00pm – 4.30pm Saturday 9.00am – 4.00pm
June Mon-Fri 9.00am-1.00pm 2.00pm – 4.30pm Saturday 9.00am – 4.00pm
July Mon-Fri 9.00am-1.00pm 2.00pm – 4.30pm Saturday 9.00am – 4.00pm (Until approximately 3rd Saturday then closed)
August Mon-Fri 9.00am-1.00pm 2.00pm – 4.30pm Saturday CLOSED
September Mon-Fri 9.00am-1.00pm 2.00pm – 4.30pm Saturday CLOSED
October Mon-Fri 9.00am-1.00pm 2.00pm – 4.30pm Saturday 9.00am – 12.00am
November Mon-Fri 9.00am-1.00pm 2.00pm – 4.30pm Saturday 9.00am – 4.00pm
December Mon-Fri 9.00am-1.00pm 2.00pm – 4.30pm Saturday 9.00am – 4.00pm (Until Christmas)
Bare-root cash sales from the nursery

Your requirements are assembled whilst you wait. An excellent selection is available in season on this basis. If however you are looking for something specific, or wish to take advantage (if applicable) of our pre-payment order discount, place your order in the normal way and arrange to come and collect at a specified time.

Purchase of bare root roses: approximately end of October to end March.

Collecting an order

You will be advised when the roses are packed and ready for collection.

Containerised roses sales & prices

The cost of containerising roses; the material used and the general up-keep makes these a more expensive product. We do not containerise every variety listed in our catalogue. A free list of varieties and prices is available on request from April onwards. Containerised roses are available self-service from our premises during late spring until stock becomes exhausted. We also offer special kits of terracotta pots with potting material for presentation. In general we do not offer a delivery service for a quantity of container roses. We do however recommend our container roses mail order for sending the odd rose plant or two by carrier!

If you have any queries please contact us during office hours.

Pruning demonstrations - Feb/March

In the last few years we have given pruning demonstrations for customers in February/March which have proved very popular. You can register an interest in these and leave us your phone number so we can contact you when dates are decided.

The mornings normally start at 11 a.m. and last up to two hours finishing with a hot drink and biscuits.

There is no charge but we do ask for a donation to charity – boxes for which are in the office area.

What is the difference between a hybrid tea bush and a floribunda bush rose?

HYBRID TEAS –  are usually large classic blooms carried singly per stem although some can be in clusters.  They can supply cut blooms for the house.   Good for colour in beds and borders – planted at 60cm (2′) intervals and 60cm (2′) staggered row to row.

FLORIBUNDAS – have clusters of smaller blooms per stem and are good for mass colour effect in beds and borders.  Planted 60cm (2′) apart and 60cm (2′) row to row staggered.  Taller varieties are also suitable for hedging.

Container roses by mail order

We containerise a wide selection of our roses for supply from late April throughout the summer months.  These are more expensive due to cost of pot, high quality soil based compost and general maintenance etc.

With the exception of all forms of Standard roses we offer a Mail Order service for Containers in season.  This service is particularly popular for a special event which falls outside the traditional planting time.  Each rose has a colour picture label and is packed in a smart specially designed box and delivered by carrier.  Due to weight etc. carriage charges are higher than for bare-rooted plants.

We emphasise that not all varieties are available in containers and in particular any variety which is marked NEW in this catalogue. A free list of varieties with prices is available on request from April onwards.   No Standard roses can be sent in containers these have to be collected from the nursery premises.

Naming a rose

We are often asked if we can help someone name a new rose variety.  In many cases this is for a member of a family or possibly someone who has recently died.  Regretfully there is little we can do, as we no longer breed new varieties.  We do however try to guide people to help them avoid some of the pitfalls of what is often advertised particularly on the net.  The worst products are sold for around £25 and amount to no more than a packet of seeds, and the promise to register the name of the rose with a body which has nothing to do with registration of new roses.  We have seen some results of what is produced from these seeds which amount to no more than a very small weed like plant which if it does have any bloom on it is just a simple small single petalled flower and nothing like the roses on the box!

There are websites which will provide a genuine rose and obviously some proper budded plants to the recipient.  Do however establish exactly what you are paying for – for instance is it unique to you?

Why can't i place an order for export online?

Whilst exporting is very much part of our business and our rose crop is subject to both extensive soil tests and Growing Season inspections, individual countries regulations prevent us from sending to some countries.  Also it is not possible to advise the additional costs involved including carriage and packing as all plants have individual weights.

EU

It is easy to send to EU countries and Switzerland as this does not involve any plant health inspections.  All small orders are sent by Royal Mail.  We are happy to quote carriage and packing costs when we know your requirements.  We do not export any form of standard rose.

WORLDWIDE

Outside the EU all countries involve inspection by UK Ministry (DEFRA) inspectors and the issue of the necessary Phytosanitary Certificate which accompanies the consignment.  This at present we subsidise and charge £55.  Many countries also require an Import Permit from the country to which the roses are sent –  so do ascertain if this is necessary from that country’s authorities.  All plants have to be washed clean of any soil, many have to be treated with fungicides and or insecticides.  This adds to the preparation costs.

Some of the countries we supply regularly to are Antigua, Seychelles, St Vincent and Bermuda.

One of the countries we are unable to send plants to – but get the most enquiries from –  is the USA whose present Plant Health regulations are impossible for any Grower to comply with.

For more information see page 47  of the online catalogue.  If you wish to order or make further enquiries then email us at enquiries@cantsroses.co.uk.

Do i need to dead-head?

The answer to this is yes.  If you do not dead head the roses will eventually re-flower but will become tall and leggy and take much longer to bloom again.

If you dead head the flowering stem down to the first set of five leaves you will keep the bush a good shape and stems strong and the re-flowering will occur much sooner.

How big are the pots that we containerise our roses into?

Usually around December time when plants are being lifted from the rose field for bare root sale, the nurserymen also begin to ‘containerise’ a wide selection of varieties to be our stock for sale through the summer months.  These will be potted, pruned for that year  and going into good growth by the time they go on general sale about Easter time.   The nurserymen do not like to remove much of the root system of the plants as this may affect growth so they use good size pots and the plants may be a bit higher in the pot than you would want them to be when you put them in the ground, see illustration in on-line catalogue for placement of plant in the ground

The plants we provide are:

Hybrid Teas, Floribundas, Patio and Ground Cover in 4 litre black plastic pots and John Innes No. 3 soil based compost.

English, Renaissance, Climbers and Ramblers in a 5 litre pot

Standards and Half Standards in a 10 litre pot

Patio Standards in a 7.5 litre pot

These are all temporary nursery pots and plants should be put in the ground or larger pots to enable continued growth – advice on permanent size pots can be obtained from staff.

Occasion Suggestions - Roses suitable for any occasion

Some of the suggestions for varieties to consider :

Birth:

Absolutely Fabulous – Champagne Moment – Colchester Beauty – Congratulations – English Miss – Golden Smiles – Lovestruck – Princess – Scent from Heaven – Warm Welcome – Warm Wishes – You’re Beautiful

Weddings and Anniversaries :

Champagne Moment – Congratulations – Diamond Days Forever – Diamond Eyes – Diamond Wishes – Dynamic Duo – Golden Celebration – Golden Wedding – Golden Wishes – Happy Golden Wedding – Love Knot – Lovestruck – Nostalgia – Pearl Wishes – Perfect Day – Ruby Wedding – Ruby Wishes – Sparkle – Silver Anniversary – Special Anniversary – Wedding Celebration – Wedding Day – White Diamond

Retirement :

Easy Does It – Freedom – Free Spirit – Heart of Gold – Lazy Days – Nostalgia – Remember – Remember Me – The New Dawn

Memorials :

Compassion – Courage – Free Spirit – Heart of Gold – Loving Memory – Peace – Remember – Remember Me – Scented Memory – Sweet Memories

Other ideas for various events and people :

Birthday Wishes – Champagne Moment – Lovely Lady – Many Happy Returns – Mum in a Million – Warm Wishes – You’re Beautiful

Types of climbing roses best suited to each use i.e. arch, wall etc

For best colour effect for fences, walls, trellis and houses make your selection from REPEAT FLOWERING CLIMBERS.  If however space is limited from COURTYARD OR PATIO CLIMBERS.  To cover large expanses, unsightly areas and large pergolas where freedom of bloom is not important select from the OLD FASHIONED RAMBLERS.

Repeat flowering Climbers/Ramblers recommended for arches:

Depending on the height and width of the arch the most suitable varieties are Alibaba, Bridge of Sighs, Gardeners’ Glory, Ginger Syllabub, Kisses of Fire, Lilac Bouquet, Little Rambler, Penny Lane, Rambling Rosie, Super Fairy, The New Dawn.

For small arches and obelisks:

Starlight Symphony,  Courtyard and Patio Climbers and some English Roses

Climbers and Ramblers suitable for a North facing aspect:

This is the most difficult aspect to grow a climbing rose.  The varieties listed here are the toughest of climbers/ramblers and are also suitable for any other aspect.  Repeat Flowering – Bridge of Sighs, Crimson Descant, Madame Alfred Carriere, Pink Perpetue, Rambling Rosie, Summer Wine.  Patio Climbers Star Performer, Summertime.  Climbers and Ramblers (old Fashioned) Alberic Barbier, Albertine, American Pillar, Clb Cecile Brunner, Mdme G Staechelin, Rambling Rector.

Small flowering : Kisses of Fire, Little Rambler, Rambling Rosie, Super Fairy.  Climbers and Ramblers: (old fashioned) American Pillar, Clb Cecile Brunner, Paul’s Himalayan Musk, Rosa Filipes Kiftsgate, Rambling Rector, Wedding Day and the majority of Courtyard and Patio Climbers.

Climbers for Pillars: All Patio and Courtyard Climbers and the shorter growing climbing varieties.

Climbers and Ramblers suitable for growing into trees:  Clb. Cecile Brunner, Paul’s Himalayan Musk, Rambling Rector, Rosa Filipes (Kiftsgate), Seagull, Veilchenblau, Wedding Day.

Least thorny varieties:  Ginger Syllabub, Lilac Bouquet, Madame Alfred Carriere, Oh Wow, Super Fairy.

Roses in drought conditions

Many people are finding this year that their roses are putting on a wonderful show, despite worries about watering now that this very hot weather has been so sustained.  Roses in containers obviously need to be watered regularly but those which are planted in the garden will develop long tap roots which go down two to three feet to find moisture and therefore will not require any watering, just dead-head and enjoy.

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